Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

Linen is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.  Many products are made of linen : aprons, bags, towels (swimming, bath, beach, body and wash towels), napkins, bed linens, tablecloths, runners, chair covers, and men's and women's wear.

90% of European linen is destined for the textile market (60% for clothing, 15% for household linens, 15% for furniture and lifestyle) and already 10% is dedicated to technical opportunities : eco-construction, insulation, automobile parts, sports, equipment, boating, stationery, surgery and health items ...

Flax, with the binomial name Linum usitatissimum, is a member of the genus linum in the family Linaceae. It is a food and fiber crop that is grown in cooler regions of the world.  The textiles made from flax are known in the West as linen, and traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes and table linen.  The oil is known as linseed oil.  In addition fo referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant.

Cultivated at close-proximity, flax is grown in a wide coastal band of Western Europe stretching from the South of Normandy in Northern France through Belgium and the Netherlands : from Caen to Amsterdam. The only plant textile fiber originating on the continent, European flax cultivation cannot be relocated, its excellence is thanks to a unique combination : a natural, damp ocean climate, flax's low thermal density, rich soil and the experience of flax growers.

From flax to linen From flax to linen 2 From flax to linen 3

Source : Wikipedia 19062015